KNOWLEDGE DOESN’T REQUIRE EPISTEMIC CERTAINTY: A REPLY TO MIZRAHI (pages 449-450)

James SIMPSON

ABSTRACT: In a recent discussion note in this journal, Moti Mizrahi offers us the following argument for the conclusion that knowledge requires epistemic certainty:

  • If S knows that p on the grounds that e, then p cannot be false given e.
  • If p cannot be false given e, then e makes p epistemically certain.
  • Therefore, if S knows that p on the grounds that e, then e makes p epistemically certain.

I’ll argue that (2) of Mizrahi’s argument is false, and so, Mizrahi’s argument is unsound.

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