Tag Archives: pragmatic encroachment

CONTEXTUALISM AND CONTEXT VOLUNTARISM (pages 125-136)

David COSS ABSTRACT: Contextualism is the view that the word ‘knows’ is context sensitive. While contextualism developed as a response to skepticism, there’s concern that it’s too easy for skeptics to undermine ordinary knowledge attributions. Once skeptical hypotheses are made salient, the skeptic seems to win. I first outline contextualism and its response to skepticism. I then explicate the resources ... Read More »

CONTEXTUALISM AND CONTEXT INTERNALISM (pages 417-423)

David COSS ABSTRACT: Contextualism is the view that the word ‘knows’ is context sensitive and shifts according to the relevant standards in play. I argue that Contextualism is best paired with internalism about contexts. That is to say, an attributor’s context is completely determined by mental facts. Consequently, in the absence of awareness, external facts do not lead to contextual ... Read More »

THE EPISTEMIC CONSEQUENCES OF FORCED CHOICE (pages 365-374)

Mark SCHROEDER ABSTRACT: In “Stakes, Withholding, and Pragmatic Encroachment on Knowledge,” I used a variety of cases, including cases of forced choice, to illustrate my explanation of how and why some pragmatic factors, but not others, can affect whether an agent knows. In his recent contribution, Andy Mueller argues that cases of forced choice actually pose a dilemma for my ... Read More »

PRAGMATIC OR PASCALIAN ENCROACHMENT? A PROBLEM FOR SCHROEDER’S EXPLANATION OF PRAGMATIC ENCROACHMENT (pages 235-241)

Andy MUELLER ABSTRACT: I argue against Schroeder’s explanation of pragmatic encroachment on knowledge. In section 1, I introduce pragmatic encroachment and point out that an explanation of it should avoid Pascalian considerations. In section 2, summarize the key aspects of Schroeder’s explanation of pragmatic encroachment. In section 3, I argue that Schroeder’s explanation faces a dilemma: it either allows for ... Read More »

DEFENDING STANDARDS CONTEXTUALISM (pages 35-59)

Robert HUDSON ABSTRACT: A It has become more common recently for epistemologists to advocate the pragmatic encroachment on knowledge, the claim that the appropriateness of knowledge ascriptions is dependent on the relevant practical circumstances. Advocacy of practicalism in epistemology has come at the expense of contextualism, the view that knowledge ascriptions are independent of pragmatic factors and depend alternatively on distinctively epistemological, semantic factors with the result ... Read More »

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