Volume VII, Issue 3, 2016

WHAT MAKES LOGICAL TRUTHS TRUE? (pages 249-272)

Constantin C. BRÎNCUŞ ABSTRACT: The concern of deductive logic is generally viewed as the systematic recognition of logical principles, i.e., of logical truths. This paper presents and analyzes different instantiations of the three main interpretations of logical principles, viz. as ontological principles, as empirical hypotheses, and as true propositions in virtue of meanings. I argue in this paper that logical principles ... Read More »

RECOGNIZING ‘TRUTH’ IN CHINESE PHILOSOPHY (pages 273-286)

Lajos BRONS ABSTRACT: The debate about truth in Chinese philosophy raises the methodological question How to recognize ‘truth’ in some non-Western tradition of thought? In case of Chinese philosophy it is commonly assumed that the dispute concerns a single question, but a distinction needs to be made between the property of truth, the concept of TRUTH, and the word ·truth·. The ... Read More »

SEMANTIC EPISTEMOLOGY REDUX: PROOF AND VALIDITY IN QUANTUM MECHANICS (pages 287-303)

Arnold CUSMARIU ABSTRACT: Definitions I presented in a previous article as part of a semantic approach in epistemology assumed that the concept of derivability from standard logic held across all mathematical and scientific disciplines. The present article argues that this assumption is not true for quantum mechanics (QM) by showing that concepts of validity applicable to proofs in mathematics and in ... Read More »

A PROPOS DU RENOUVEAU ANNONCE DE LA METAPHYSIQUE (pages 305-323)

Pierre UZAN ABSTRACT: In this paper, we evaluate the project of resurgence of metaphysics based on the pecularity of the quantum domain, a project that is supported by some contemporary philosophers. Beyond the general arguments against scientific realism that are still applicable here, we show that this project is faced with the three following issues that, we believe, make it unrealizable: ... Read More »

SOLVING THE CURRENT GENERALITY PROBLEM (pages 345-350)

Kevin WALLBRIDGE ABSTRACT: Many current popular views in epistemology require a belief to be the result of a reliable process (aka ‘method of belief formation’ or ‘cognitive capacity’) in order to count as knowledge. This means that the generality problem rears its head, i.e. the kind of process in question has to be spelt out, and this looks difficult to do ... Read More »

BEAT THE (BACKWARD) CLOCK (pages 353-361)

Fred ADAMS, John A. BARKER, Murray CLARKE ABSTRACT: In a recent very interesting and important challenge to tracking theories of knowledge, Williams & Sinhababu claim to have devised a counter-example to tracking theories of knowledge of a sort that escapes the defense of those theories by Adams & Clarke.  In this paper we will explain why this is not true. Tracking theories are ... Read More »

THERE’S NOTHING TO BEAT A BACKWARD CLOCK: A REJOINDER TO ADAMS, BARKER AND CLARKE (pages 363-378)

John N. WILLIAMS ABSTRACT: Neil Sinhababu and I presented Backward Clock, an original counterexample to Robert Nozick’s truth-tracking analysis of propositional knowledge. Fred Adams, John Barker and Murray Clarke argue that Backward Clock is no such counterexample. Their argument fails to nullify Backward Clock which also shows that other tracking analyses, such as Dretske’s and one that Adams et al. may ... Read More »

ARE GETTIER CASES MISLEADING? (pages 379-384)

Philip ATKINS ABSTRACT: The orthodox view in contemporary epistemology is that Edmund Gettier refuted the JTB analysis of knowledge, according to which knowledge is justified true belief. In a recent paper Moti Mizrahi questions the orthodox view. According to Mizrahi, the cases that Gettier advanced against the JTB analysis are misleading. In this paper I defend the orthodox view. Download PDF Read More »

ASSERTION: JUST ONE WAY TO TAKE IT BACK (pages 385-391)

Mona SIMION ABSTRACT: According to Jonathan Kvanvig, the practice of taking back one’s assertion when finding out that one has been mistaken or gettiered fails to speak in favour of a knowledge norm of assertion. To support this claim, he introduces a distinction between taking back the content of the assertion, and taking back the speech act itself. This paper argues ... Read More »

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